Tuesday, December 27, 2016

El Salvador Trip: Ruins Day

On my third day in El Salvador, Edwin brought me to famous archaeological sites. The first stop was Joya de Ceren which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Edwin told me that initially, it was a site for an agricultural project but when they started to dig, they found some ruins and what looked like a farming village that was intact under 14 layers of volcanic ash. The excavation sites were roofed as it should be protected from the sun and rain. It was discovered that the first settlers of the site was around 1200 B.C.  

It was amazing that the ruins were well preserved because of the perfect temperature of ash. It was about 70 structures that were discovered and uncovered which consist kitchens, living rooms, storehouses, place of worship and even a sauna!

'Parque Arqueologico San Andres' was the next stop. Here, you will find Mayan ruins of San Andres that lies in the valley of Zapotitan. It was around 45 minute drive from the capital San Salvador. The park also have a small museum that displays old tools that belonged to the first inhabitant of the place on 900 B.C. 

The main attraction of the park is the Acropolis. It is like a throne where the Mayan lords ruled their domain. It is very noticeable that most of the buildings were created in mud or adobe bricks. It is also believed that it could be the regional capital between 600 to 900 AD. 

The last stop was the 'Sitio Arqueologico Tazumal'. The ruins in this park is considered as the most important and best preserved in El Salvador and in 1947, it was declared a National Historic Monument. The whole area is like a big complex and the most outstanding structure is the main pyramid. It was estimated that the first settlements in the area is around 1200 B.C.


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